uni and the statue of St John of PatmosThe comparison of the statue of the Royal Scribe Yuni and the statue of St. John of Patmos
Upon viewing the statue of the Royal Scribe Yuni (33.2.1) and the Gothic stone statue of St. John of Patmos (17.120.4), I noticed the few similarities and many differences they possessed when compared with one another. Both works reflexed the style ofartwork done during its period.
The statue of the Royal Scribe Yuni was found in the tomb of his father, Amenhotep. In this sculpture Yuni is shown kneeling and holding a highly decorative carved shrine. Within this shrine is a miniature figure of Osirus, the god of the underworld. Yuni is dressed in what is considered to be costume for persons of high status at the time, such as a curled wig and papyrus sandals. He wears a double-strand necklace of large lenticular beads known as the gold of valor. Two holes located at either side of his neck may have been for the placement of the real garlands. The statue of Yuni once had eyes of semi-precious stone in metal sockets. On either side of the back pillar lies a relief of Rennutet, Yunis wife.
The statue of St. John of Patmos is the portrayal of a youthful saint writing on a scroll. This suggests that this youth is the Evangelist. He is believed to have written the Book of Revelations and his own gospel, while in exile on the Greek island of Patmos.
While examining these two statues I observed very few similarities which in this case is possible being that the two are from different a time and period. Both works of art were created out of limestone and carved with exquisite detail. They both were four-dimensional which rarely existed in the artwork of the early periods. They both also seemed to serve a high purpose, which I believe to be religious.
There were enormous amounts of differences between these two statues. The statue of the Royal Scribe Yuni dates 1294-1269 an comes from the Egyptian New Kingdom unlike the statue of St. John of Patmos which dates 1450-1500 and is from the Medieval period. I was astonished to find that this statue existed for over four centuries and doesnt show any signs of damage or any indications of restoration done as opposed to the statue of Yuni where time has obviously taken its toll. Yuni nose is missing and so is the area located above his eye sockets. The face of Osirus is gone along which various pieces of the raised relief on either side of the statue.
There was a great difference in how the anatomy and posture were handled. The anatomy in the statue of Yuni is in complete proportion and very realistic. He is also kneeling in an up right position where he appears to be stiff. His arms are bent and straight. The anatomy in the statue of St. John of Patmos was pushed to the extreme where his head is relatively large in comparison to his body. This may be symbolic, showing that the main focus is not on the body but on the spirit and mind. Unlike Yuni, St. John is seated and relaxed. He looks to be in peace and at one with himself.
Both statues have several viewpoints but the primary focus for both of these statues are frontal. From viewing the front of the statue you capture the expression with sets the mood.
The drapery illustrated in the statue of St. John of Patmos was unbelievable. The folds on his garment were in perfect relation relative to his body. The realism used forced the sculpture the stand out and captivate the eye in ways unimaginable to its spectators. The drapery in the statue of Yuni is not so great. Its seems that the simple drapery was added in order to indicate some sort of garment. The drape is not relative to the body.
I feel both works serve a purpose in religion but was carried out in different ways. They both glorified and praised the god(s) in different ways. In this sculpture the scribe Yuni has constructed a shrine for Osirus. St. John praises his god by writing about his experiences in his gospel and by spreading the Good News.
By comparing and contrasting these works it can be determined that they both are from a different period. Each time period has its own very distant characteristics and stylistic ways and each of the art works from these times have their own purpose and meaning.